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About Shrirangapattana

Shrirangapattana, a town that has gained popularity within its close association with Tipu Sultan and Hyder Ali, is located in Mandya District of Karnataka State. This town located very close to Mysore, has got immense historical, cultural and religious importance.General administration of Shrirangapattana town is looked after by Shrirangapattana Town Municipal Council that was formed in 1918. The town is divided into 23 wards.

About Shrirangapattana

Geography of Shrirangapattana

Location of Shrirangapattana is at 12.41 Degrees North Latitude and 76.7 Degrees East Longitude. The elevation of this town is about 679 m above the sea level. This town was originally a rocky island that is formed by Kaveri River. Shrirangapattana Sangama is the place where three rivers namely Kabini, Kaveri and Hemavati confluence. The summers are hot with the temperature ranging between 30 Degrees Celsius to 37 Degrees Celsius. During winters, the temperature ranges between 11 Degrees Celsius to 13 Degrees Celsius.

Location of Shrirangapattana

Located at a distance of 15 KM from Mysore in the north-east direction, Shrirangapattana Town is enclosed by Kaveri River thus forming an island. The main part of River Kaveri flows in the eastern part of Shrirangapattana and the Paschima Vaahini part of the river flows in the west of this town. This town is located at a distance of 120 KM from Bangalore in its south west.

Demographics of Shrirangapattana

The total area of Shrirangapattana Town is about 8.6 sq km. The total population of Shrirangapattana is about 25, 061. The percentage of males in this town is 51% and percentage of females is 49%. The average literacy rate is 68% in Shrirangapattana. The main language spoken here is Kannada.

History of Shrirangapattana

During 9th Century AD, this region was ruled by the kings of Ganga Dynasty who had their capital city at Talakkadu. As they had constructed the temple of Shri Ranganathaswamy, this region got its name from this temple and was called Shrirangapattana. Later on the region came under the rule of Vijayanagara Kings and Shrirangapattana became an important base of the Viceroys of Vijayanagara Rulers. Around 1610, Rulers of Mysore captured Shrirangapattana and it was made the capital city of Mysore Rulers. Later on the capital was moved out to the Mysore City.

Shrirangapattana gained its fame during the time of Hyder Ali, a general of Mysore Rulers. Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan transformed Shrirangapattana into a fortified region and it became an important power center of South India. During the period 1766 AD to 1799 AD, Shrirangapattana witnessed four battles fought between the rulers of Mysore and the East India Company. The British lost the first two Mysore Wars and during the third war, heavy loss was faced by Tipu Sultan. During the last Mysore War, siege of Shrirangapattana Fort happened and finally Tipu Sultan died fighting the British Army. 

Tourist Places of Shrirangapattana

Shrirangapattana was the citadel of the erstwhile Mysore Rulers especially during the kingdom of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan so this town has plenty of historic monuments in and around it.

Gumbaz

The most important attraction of this town is the Gumbaz, the mausoleums Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan, and Tipu Sultan’s mother Fathima Begum. This monument has a beautiful garden around it. The dome of this monument is huge with carved doors, carved stone windows. Within close proximity to this Gumbaz, Masjid-e-Aksa is situated.

Daria Daulat Bagh

This is the summer palace of Tipu Sultan which was made in 1784. This palace was made with Teak Wood. This palace also exhibits dresses, weapons and jewelries worn by Tipu Sultan.

Rangathaswamy Temple

One of the largest temples of Karnataka, this temple was built in 3 stages. The innermost parts of this temple depict Hoysala style of architecture with their huge pillars made of granite.. The ceilings of garbagriha of this temple are intricately designed especially in the center. The Navaranga of this temple were built during Vijanagara Era which is depicted by the bell-shaped pillars of the Navaranga.

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary

Located at a distance of 4 KM away from Shrirangapattana Town, this bird sanctuary is a paradise for the bird watchers. During winter, different types of migratory birds come here from places like Australia, Siberia and North America. The birds that are seen here are Spoon Bills, Pond Herons, Wild Duck, Cormorant, White Ibis, Partridge, Open Bill Stork, River Tern, darter and Stone Plougher.

Shrirangapattanam Fort

This fort is located at the western end of Shrirangapattanam and it is shaped like a triangular inn. The fort was built in 1454 AD by the tribal king of Nagamangala after getting permission from the Vijayanagara Rulers. The fort was initially made with mud. Later on Wodeyer rulers renovated the fort and made it stronger. The main entrance of this fort is the Elephant Gate in the southern end of the fort. The other gates of this fort are Krishna Gate, Bangalore Gate in the eastern part and the Water Gate.

Obelisk

This obelisk was constructed in the memory of the British Officers who lost their lives during Shrirangapattana Siege in 1799. The obelisk is made of polished stone and names of the soldiers who died during the siege are inscribed on the top of this obelisk.

Dungeon

At a distance of 150 m away from the Delhi Gate of Shrirangapattana Fort, there is a bastion in the wall of the Fort on which a heavy battery is placed which is also called Sultan Batthery. There is a dungeon under this wall where many British Prisoners were kept.
Other attractions of Shrirangapattana are Nimishamba Temple, Jumma Masjid, Sangam, Tipu Sultan’s Death Place, Kalyani Siddhi Vinayaka Temple, Jyoti Maheswara Temple, Panduranga Swamy Temple, and The Ayaapa Temple.

How to Reach Shrirangapattana

Shrirangapattana Town can be reached very easily from Mysore by road. The town is located off the State Highway linking Bangalore and Mysore. Travelers can also avail trains to reach here and the major railway station near to it is the Mysore Railway Station. Most of the trains running between Bangalore and Mysore stop at Shrirangapattana.

For traveling within the town, autos and taxis are available. Autos and taxis can be hired for the entire day for local sightseeing.

One Day Trip from Shrirangapattana

Shrirangapattana has no dearth of tourist attraction and the same applies to its nearby places. Short one day tour can be organized to different places around Shrirangapattana.

Shrirangapattana to Mysore

Located only 15 KM away from Shrirangapattana, Mysore is one of the most happening tourist spots of Karnataka. The places of interest in Mysore are Mysore Zoo, Mysore Palace, Vrindavan Gardens, Jaganmohan Art Gallery, Datta Peetham, Lalitha Mahal, Chamundi Hills, St. Philomena’s Church, and Jayalaxmi Vilas. The lighting of Mysore Palace during Dusshera is very attractive and tourists from all over the world come here to have a look at it.

Shrirangapattana to Channapattana

Another tourist destination around Shrirangapattana is Channapattana, a place that is famous for its colorful wooden toys and other handicraft items. Channapattana is also famous for its lacqureware. Famous tourist attractions of Channapattana are Maloor Aprameya Swamy Temple, Kanva Reservoir, Brahmanya Theertha Brundavan and Kanva Maharshi Math.

Weekend Destinations from Shrirangapattana

There are many interesting weekend destinations around Shrirangapattana. Read below to know about these places.

Shrirangapattana to Bangalore

Shrirangapattana to Bangalore

Bangalore is located at a distance of 120 KM from Shrirangapattana. Tourists get to see magnificent monuments and many natural attractions in and around Bangalore City. Famous attractions of Bangalore are Cubbon Park, Ulsoor Lake, Bangalore Palace, Vidhan Saudha, Nandi Bull Temple, Tipu Sultan Palace, and ISKON Temple.

Shrirangapattana to Hassan

The distance between Shrirangapattana and Hassan is about 107 KM. the famous attractions of Hassan are Hassanamba Temple, Nuggehalli Town, Shettaihalli Church, Bisile Ghat, Laxmi Narayana Temple, Kedareswara Temple, Ombattu Gudda and Yagachi Dam.

Fact File of Shrirangapattana

Town: Shrirangapattana
District: Mandya
State: Karnataka
Total Area: 8.6 sq km
Total Population: 25, 061
Latitude: 12.41 Degrees North
Longitude: 76.7 Degrees East
Elevation: 679
Official Language: Kannada

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